Reports and book chapters

Featured reports



IUCN reports:

Defra and Natural England reports:

United Nations reports:

UK National Ecoystem Assessment:

Full list

Reed MS, Kenter JO, Hansda R, Martin J, Curtis T, Saxby H, Mills L, Post J, Garrod G, Proctor A, Collins O, Guy JA, Stewart G, Whittingham M (2020) Social barriers and opportunities to the implementation of the England Peat Strategy. Final Report to Natural England and Defra, Newcastle University. DOI:10.13140/RG.2.2.23295.23208

Reed MS, Meagher L (2019) Using evidence in environment and sustainability issues. In: Boaz A, Davies H, Fraser A, Nutley S (eds.) What Works Now? Evidence-based policy and practice revisited. The Policy Press, Bristol. 

Shah H, McDonald I, Reed MS, Buckmaster S (2019) Bringing Research to the Fore. Lessons from development a greater research culture in a STEM department within a teaching-focussed University. Edulearn19 Conference Proceedings.

Vella S, Reed MS (2016) Friend? Foe? Or Equal? Exploring the student-supervisor relationship. In: Cronshaw S,  McMaster C, Murphy C, McMaster CN (eds.) Postgraduate Study in the UK – Surviving and Succeeding. Libri Publishing

Fish R, Saratsi E, Reed MS, Keune H (2016) Stakeholder participation in ecosystem service decision making. In Haines-Young R, Potschin M, Fish R, Turner K. Handbook on Ecosystem Services, Earthscan.


Holden, J., Bonn, A., Reed, M.S., Buckmaster, S., Walker, J., Evans, M.G. & Worrall, F. (2016) Peatland conservation at the science-practice interface. In Peatland Restoration and Ecosystem Services: Science, Policy and Practice (eds A. Bonn, T. Allott, M.G. Evans, H. Joosten & R. Stoneman). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Stoneman, R., Bain, C., Locky, D., Mawdsley, N., McLaughlan, M., Kumaran-Prentice, S., Reed, M.S., Swales, V. (2016). Policy drivers for peatland conservation. In Peatland Restoration and Ecosystem Services: Science, Policy and Practice (eds A. Bonn, T. Allott, M.G. Evans, H. Joosten & R. Stoneman). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Carter, C., Reed, M.S. (2016) Parks and climate change: Challenges to the protected area landscape and emerging policy and management responses’ in Hammer, T., Mose, I., Siegrist, D. and Weixlbaumer, N. (Eds.) Parks of the Future! Protected areas in Europe challenging regional and global change. (Munich: Oekom), pp. 37-46.


Reed MS, Stringer LC (2015) Impulse Report – Climate change and desertification: Anticipating, assessing & adapting to future change in drylands. Prepared with the contribution of an international panel of experts. Presented at the UNCCD 3rd Scientific Conference. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, Agropolis International, Montpellier, France. ISBN: 978-2-35682-379-3


Musekamp C, Quillérou E, Favretto N, Falk T, Salha A, Schmidt L, Reed MS, Buckmaster S (2015) Practitioner's Guide: pathways and options for action and stakeholder engagement. United Nations Economics of Land Degradation initiative


Kenter, J.O., Reed, M.S. (2015) Taking account of the shared values of ecosystem services. Bulletin of the British Ecological Society 46: 37-39.


Attlee, A., Reed, M.S., Adams, D., Lambert, E. (2015) Sustainability 2.0: New strategies for achieving behaviour change in a more connected world. In: Kopnina, H. and Shoreman-Ouimet, E. (eds.) Sustainability: Key Issues. Routledge, pp. 183-198.


Reed M.S., Sidoli del Ceno, J. (2015) Alternative approaches to managing conservation conflicts: from top-down to bottom-up. In Juliette Young and Steve Redpath (Eds.) Conflicts in conservation: strategies for coping with a changing world, Cambridge University Press.


Kenter, J.O., Reed, M.S. (2014). Valuing the Dark Peak: A Deliberative Approach to Payments for Peatland Ecosystem Services. Report to the Moors for the Future Partnership.


Albon, S., Turner, K., Watson, R., Anger, A., Baker, J., Bateman, I., Bentley, S., Blyth, N., Bowles-Newark, N., Brown, C., Brown, I., Byrne, J., Church, A., Coates, P., Cowap, C., Dickie, I., Elliott, M., Everard, M., Gosling, L., Grayson, N., Haines-Young, R., Harrison, P., Kelly, M., Kenter, J., Martin, K., Maxwell, S., McCarthy, D., Mee, L., Monk, K., Mortimer, D., Osborn, D., Owen, R., Ranger S., Reed, M.S., Russel, D., Scott, A., Thompson, D., Tierney, M., Waters, R., Wharfe, J., Whitbread, T., Williams, D., Wilson, B., Wilson, L. (2014). UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow on: Synthesis of the Key Findings. UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK.


Kenter, J.O., Reed, M.S., Irvine, K.N., O'Brien, E., Brady, E., Bryce, R., Christie, M., Church, A., Cooper, N., Davies, A., Hockley, N., Fazey, I., Jobstvogt, N., Molloy, C., Orchard-Webb, J., Ravenscroft, N., Ryan, M., Watson, V. (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on phase, technical report: Shared, Plural and Cultural Values of Ecosystems. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.


Cris R, Buckmaster S, Bain C, Reed MS (Eds.) (2014) Global Peatland Restoration: demonstrating success. IUCN UK National Committee Peatland Programme, Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-9570572-3-4


Eves C, Couldrick L, Everard M, Reed MS, Carlisle D, McNab D (2014) Developing the Evidence Base on PES Beneficiaries in England. Defra Final Report.


de Vente, J., Reed, M.S., Stringer, L.C., Valente, S., Newig, J. (2014) How does the context and design of participatory decision-making processes affect their outcomes? Evidence from sustainable land management in global drylands. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2014, Vienna, Austria, 27 April–2 May, Geophysical Research Abstracts 16, EGU2014-14537.


Favretto, N., Stringer, L.C., Dougill, A.J., Perkins, J.S., Atlhopheng, J.R., Reed, M.S., Thomas, A., Mulale, K. (2014) Time-series analysis of policies and market prices for provisioning ecosystem services in Botswana's Kalahari rangelands. Report for the Economics of Land

Degradation Initiative. Leeds, UK, 19 pg [online]. Available from:


Scott K, Reed MS, Bradley S, Bryce R and Curzon R. (2013) Honey Bee Health: Mapping, analysis and improved understanding of stakeholder groups to help sustain honey bee health. Defra Final Report, Project Code PH051: London.


Reed M.S, Bonn A, Evans C, Joosten H, Bain C, Farmer J, Emmer I, Couwenberg J, Moxey A, Artz R, Tanneberger F, von Unger  M, Smyth M, Birnie R, Inman I, Smith S, Quick T, Cowap C, Prior S, Lindsay R (2013) Peatland Code Research Project Final Report, Defra, London.


Reed, M.S, Rowcroft P, Cade S, Savege S, Scott A, Black J, Brace A, Evely AC, White C (2013) Visitor Giving Payment for Ecosystem Service Pilot Final Report, Defra, London.


Reed MS, Cowap C, Hirst V, Smith SM (2012) Case study: developing a place-based Payment for Ecosystem Service scheme for South West peatlands, ESKTN/NERC.


Quick T, Reed MS, Smyth M, Birnie D, Bain C, Rowcroft P (2013) Developing place-based approaches for Payments for Ecosystem Services, Defra Final Report


Smith, S., Rowcroft, P., Everard, M., Couldrick, L., Reed, M.S., Rogers, H., Quick, T., Eves, C. and White, C. (2013). Payments for Ecosystem Services: A Best Practice Guide. Defra, London.


Kenter, J.O., Bryce, R., Davies, A., Jobstvogt, N., Watson, V., Ranger, S., Solandt, J.L., Duncan, C., Christie, M., Crump, H., Irvine, K.N., Pinard, M., Reed, M.S. (2013). The value of potential marine protected areas in the UK to divers and sea anglers. UK National Ecosystem Assessment interim report. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK.


Artz, R.R.E., Donnelly, D., Cuthbert, A., Evans, C., Smart, S., Reed, M.S., Kenter, J. and Clark, J. (2012). Restoration of lowland raised bogs in Scotland:Emissions savings and the implications of a changing climate on lowland raised bog condition. Report to the IUCN Peatland Committee & the Scottish Wildlife Trust.


Rowcroft P, Smith S, Clarke L, Thomson K, Reed MS (2011) Barriers and Opportunities to the Use of Payments for Ecosystem Services. DEFRA commissioned report


Reed MS, Winslow M, Sommer S, Bigas H, Martius C, Vogt J, Akhtar-Schuster M, Thomas R (2011) Knowledge management for monitoring and assessment of desertification, land degradation, drought and sustainable land management. In: Understanding Desertification and Land Degradation Trends, Proceedings of the UNCCD First Scientific Conference, 22–24 September 2009, during the UNCCD Ninth Conference of Parties, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union pp. 49-51.


Reed MS, Hubacek K (2011) Uplands in the Balance. RICS Land June-July, pp. 16-19


Bain, C., Bonn, A., Stoneman, R., Bruneau, P., Chapman, S., Coupar, A., Evans, M., Geary, B., Howat, M., Joosten, H., Keenleyside, C., Lindsay, R., Labadz, J., Littlewood, N., Lunt, P., Miller, C., Moxey, A., Orr, H., Reed, M.S, Shepherd, M., Smith, P., Swales, V., Thompson, D.B.A., Van de Noort, R., Wilson, J.D. , Worrall, F. (2011) Commission of Inquiry on UK Peatlands. IUCN UK Peatland Programme, Edinburgh.


van der Wal, R., A. Bonn, D. Monteith, M.S. Reed, K. Blackstock, N. Hanley, D. Thompson, M. Evans, I. Alonso, with T. Allot, H. Armitage, N. Beharry-Borg, J. Glass, J. McMorrow, L. Ross, R. Pakeman, S. Perry, D. Tinch. (2011) Mountains, Moorlands and Heathlands. In UK National Ecosystem Assessment, UNEP, WCMC and DEFRA


Worrall, F., Clay, G.D., Marrs, R., Reed, M.S. (2011) Impacts of Burning Management on PeatlandsIUCN Technical Review 5, IUCN UK Peatland Programme, Edinburgh


Reed MS, Buckmaster S, Moxey AP, Keenleyside C, Fazey I, Scott I, Thomson K, Thorp S, Anderson R, Bateman I, Bryce R, Christie M, Glass J, Hubacek K, Quinn C, Maffey G, Midgely A, Robinson G, Stringer LC, Lowe P, Slee R (2011) Policy Options for Sustainable Management of UK PeatlandsIUCN Technical Review 12, IUCN UK Peatland Programme, Edinburgh


Crona B, Ernstson H, Prell C, Reed MS, Hubacek K (2011) Combining social network approaches with social theories to improve understanding of natural resource governance. In Prell C, Bodin O (eds.) Social networks and natural resource management, Cambridge University Press.


Prell C, Reed MS, Hubacek K (2011) Social network analysis for stakeholder selection and the links to social learning and adaptive co-management. In Prell C, Bodin O (eds.) Social networks and natural resource management, Cambridge University Press.


Holden, J; Reed, MS; Hubacek, K; Worrall, F; Beharry-Borg, N; Burt, T; Chapman, P; Dougill, A; Fraser, E; Irvine, B; Jin, N; Kirkby, M; Prell, C; Quinn, C; Termansen, M; Buckmaster, S (2010) Sustainable uplands for sustainable lowlands. In: Atherden, M; Bloomer, A; Wallace, V (Ed)Yorkshire’s green and healthy land? Connecting urban and rural greenspace., PLACE, pp.22-30.


Hubacek K, Reed MS (2010) Lessons learned from participatory planning and management in the Peak District National Park, England. In: Allen, Catherine and George Stankey (eds.). Adapative Environmental Management: A practical guide. Springer.


Hubacek, Klaus, Nesha Beharry, Aletta Bonn, Tim Burt, Joseph Holden, Federica Ravera, Mark Reed, Lindsay Stringer, David Tarrasón (2010) Ecosystem services in dynamic and contested landscapes: the case of UK uplands. In: Winter, Michael and Matt Lobley (eds). Land Use and Management: The New Debate Earthscan. London.


Reed MS (2009) Knowledge management for monitoring and assessment of desertification, land degradation, drought and sustainable land managementProceedings of the UNCCD First Scientific Conference, Buenos Aires, 22–24 September 2009.


Akhtar-Schuster M, Chasek P, Reed MS, Requier-Desjardins M, Sperlich S, Stringer LC, Thomas, R (2009) Monitoring and Assessment of Desertification and Land Degradation: Knowledge Management, Institutions and Economics. White Paper of the DSD Working Group 3, United Nations University Desertification Series No. 9. Edited by: Mariam Akhtar-Schuster, Harriet Bigas and Richard Thomas. United Nations University, DSD and DesertNet International.


Reed MS (2009) Best practice stakeholder participation for conservationCurrent Conservation


Slee B, Bergmann H, Brown I, Huband S, McCracken D, Reed MS, Renwick A, Sutherland L-A, Thomson S (2009) Realising the contribution of rural land use to Sustainable Economic Growth, A report to the Scottish Government.


Arblaster K, Reed MS, Fraser EDG, Hubacek K, Potter C (2009) Using scenarios to explore upland futures. In: Bonn A, K Hubacek, J Stewart & T Allott (eds) Drivers of Change in Uplands, Routledge


Reed MS (2009) Participatory Technology Development for Agroforestry Extension: An Innovation-Decision Approach. In: Ghosh S (ed.) Participatory Rural Development, Academic Journals


Reed MS (2009) Participatory Technology Development for Agroforestry Extension: An Innovation-Decision Approach. In: Pokiya T (ed.) Agroforestry for Improved Livelihood and Food Security, Icfai University Press, Ahmedabad, India


Reed MS & Dougill AJ (2008) Participatory land degradation assessment. In: T Schaaf  & C Lee (eds.) The Future of Drylands, UNESCO, Springer, Dordrecht pp. 719-729


Reed MS, Bartels G, Croal P, Dougill AJ, Esler KJ, Kellner K, Milton SJ, Taylor MJ, Waters-Bayer A, Zimmerman I & Bayer W (2008) Veld Health Check: a manual for Southwest Kgalagadi farmers. UNDP/UNEP and University of Leeds, University of Leeds Press.


Reed MS, Bartels G, Croal P, Dougill AJ, Esler KJ, Kellner K, Milton SJ, Taylor MJ, Waters-Bayer A, Zimmerman I & Bayer W (2008) Veld Health Check: a manual for Southeast Kgalagadi farmers.UNDP/UNEP and University of Leeds, University of Leeds Press.


Reed MS, Bartels G, Croal P, Dougill AJ, Esler KJ, Kellner K, Milton SJ, Taylor MJ, Waters-Bayer A, Zimmerman I & Bayer W (2008) Veld Health Check: a manual for Boteti farmers. UNDP/UNEP and University of Leeds, University of Leeds Press.


Stringer LC, Reed MS, Holden J (2008) Response to DEFRA’s Consultation on the Draft Soil Strategy for England, Sustainable Uplands project


Reed MS, Suckall N (2008) Participatory Methods Training Workshop Manual, University of Leeds Press.


Parish F, Silvius M, Reed MS, Stringer LC, Joosten H, Suryadiputra N, Lin CK (2007) Management of peatlands for biodiversity and climate change. In: Parish F, Sirin A, Charman D, Joosten H, Minaeva T and Silvius M (eds.) Assessment on peatlands, biodiversity and climate change. Global Environment Centre, Kuala Lumpur and Wetlands International, Wageningen.


Liddon A, Reed MS, Hubacek K (2007) Uplands under pressure, RICS Land Journal, Nov/Dec: 19


Dougill AJ & Reed MS (2006) Framework for community-based rangeland sustainability assessment in the Kalahari, Botswana. In: Hill J, Woodland W, Hill A (eds.) Sustainable Development: National Aspirations, Local Implementation Ashgate Publishing, pp. 31-49


Dougill AJ and Reed MS (2005) Integrating Community and Scientific Sustainability Indicators to Facilitate Participatory Desertification Monitoring and Sustainable Rangeland Management in Botswana. In: Holland, J. & Campbell, J. (eds.) Methods, Knowledge and Power: Combining qualitative and quantitative development research, ITDG Publications.


Reed MS (2005) Participatory Rangeland Monitoring and Management in the Kalahari, Botswana. PhD Thesis, School of Earth & Environment, University of Leeds.


Reed, MS, Hubacek K & Prell C (2005) Sustainable Upland Management for Multiple Benefits: a multi-stakeholder response to the Heather & Grass Burning Code Consultation. Project report submitted to DEFRA’s consultation on the review of the Heather and Grass Etc. (Burning) Regulations 1986 and the Heather and Grass Burning Code 1994.


Reed MS (2004) Participatory Rangeland Monitoring and Management Indigenous Vegetation Project Publication 003/005, United Nations Development Programme, Gaborone: Government Press


Reed MS (2003) Call of the Kalahari: Finding a future for a fragile landscape, Explorers Journal Fall 2003: 30-33


Reed MS & Dougill AJ (2003) Participatory Indicator Development: Workshop Manual Indigenous Vegetation Project Publication 003/015, United Nations Development Programme, Gaborone: Government Press